According to a cyber security report by the National Audit Office, the UK is not equipped well enough to defend cyber-crime in the next 20 years, because of a lack of skilled cyber-crime specialists, who will be able to fight them.
The report claims the lack is a result of not promoting computer science and technology subjects enough in schools, which means very few students are eager to study these subjects at university. The estimated cyber crime costs at the UK are £27 billion per year, in spite of the fact that there is a significant progress to tackle online fraud.
The NAO considers that effective measures should be taken, so educator would put more effort than simply instilling potential cyber crime fighters with the technical know-how to protect UK systems “…there is also a need for psychologists; law enforcers; corporate strategists and risk managers. Other professionals such as lawyers and accountants also need to understand cyber security in order to assess, manage and mitigate the business risk of cyber threats.”
Although the report is full of dire warnings related to the UK cyber security, it has been found that the government was looking into overhauling the ICT curriculum to produce future cyber crime fighters. “It expects cyber security to be a strong strand of the future GCSE computer science syllabus.” in addition, the government has already taken some essential steps to strengthen UK`s cyber security. This includes the implementation of the National Cyber Security Programme by 2015, to which the government has committed £650 million.
According to the report 36 sites, selling credit card details and bank accounts have been closed down in 2012 by the Serious Organised Crime Agency. By doing so , £500 million worth of international fraud has been prevented.
“The threat to cyber security is persistent and continually evolving. Business, government and the public must constantly be alert to the level of risk if they are to succeed in detecting and resisting the threat of cyber attack,” said Amyas Morse from the National Audit Office.
“It is good that the Government has articulated what success would look like at the end of the programme. It is crucial, in addition, that progress towards that point is in some form capable of being measured and value for money assessed.”