RAC Foundation Proposes Four Year Learning Period For Drivers

The RAC Foundation has proposed reforms after which new drivers would have to wait longer and exert many efforts before they receive their full driver’s licence.

For the future drivers will have to graduate through different licences as each of them will have a series of restrictions.

This proposal came because of the high number of people killed in car crashes. The changes will most probably reduce it.

The number of dead and seriously injured young drivers for 2011 is 1,500.

The foundation reported that one in five young drivers crashes with their car in the first six months after they had passed the test, which makes these three times more likely to die on the road than experienced drivers.

In case the proposal is accepted, learners would have to graduate through three tiers. Many legal documents will sort this out.

The duration of the first one is at least a year and it would take place before the driving test is taken.

As drivers pass the first test the next year they would be allowed to drive but with some restrictions like for example limitations on driving at night and the number of passengers that a driver can carry.

The next step is a two-year probationary period. In case during this period the driver receives 6 penalty points, they would have to retake the test.

The US, Canada and Australia were given as examples where similar systems have changed the situation and have reduced the number of dead youngsters.

According to Prof Stephen Glaister, director of the RAC Foundation, their measures would reduce deaths with 60%.

“Our research shows that putting certain restrictions on young drivers allows them to rapidly build up life-saving experience in the safest possible way.”



Clegg Announces Youth Employment And Training Review

According to Nick Clegg, British youth is not well-prepared for working life so “urgent action” need to be taken. While speaking at the CBI annual dinner he shared his view that those who leave school do not know exactly what to do with their lives.

From data of the 2012 wage subsidy scheme, almost 1.65 million 18-24 year olds had not taken active part in the economy of the country.

Clegg pointed out that Britain’s youth needed such reforms so that they help them with their skills, training and employment support.

The aim of this review is to simplify a system which most people said was too difficult to understand.

This system managed to confuse even businesses.

CBI announced the number of initiatives for employers in England was too big and due to this many employers lost their way. Of course, there are some who succeed in orientating and finding the proper way in the 47 different initiatives.

BBC political correspondent Iain Watson also shared his opinion that youth unemployment should not be that high. Current figures show that the jobless young people in the UK are just under one million. About 5 million businesses operate in the UK and in case all of these had created at least one new job the problem could be solved.

A proposal came from shadow education secretary Steven Twigg after which youngsters who have been economically inactive for a year need to be guaranteed job places.

This review is going to be shown to the Prime Minister and Deputy Prime Minister this autumn.


Government Rolls Out New Benefit Cap

England, Scotland and Wales are introducing an upper limit on working age benefits.

The benefits per week for couples and single parents will be £500 and those for single people will be £350.

What is included in this cap are things like jobseeker’s allowance, child benefit and housing benefit.

These changes are a part of the plan of the current government to discourage people living only on benefits and make them find jobs.

In case people who are already at work need to claim benefits they should know the changes will not affect them.

According to many critics these changes would not improve the situation in any way as they claim there are many people who want to find a place to work but these are not enough for everybody. By the way, don`t forget to check our employment documents.

Another thing the government was accused of was its unsuccessful trial to take into account the differences in living costs in different regions mainly talking about rent prices.

However, the work and pension secretary Duncan Smith said that the cap is based on the average household income.

“It ensures the taxpayer can have trust in the welfare system,” he said, “and it stops sky-high claims that make it impossible for people to move into work.”

In his view this limit will become a good reason for most people to start looking for a proper job.

Four London boroughs claim that the scheme is not well-developed and there would be many

problems in implementing it.

Many families are afraid they would be moved to areas with lower housing prices and because of this they could be forced out of their communities.



NHS Considering Measures To Increase Number Of Organs Donated

NHS Blood and Transport plans changes considering organ donors. Data show that only 57% of families allow the donation of the organs of their relatives.

Usually this happens because the family does not know what exactly would their loved ones prefer to happen to their organs.

The goal of NHSBT is to increase the mentioned percent up to 80%.

It claims organ donation will soon go through a revolution as the number of donors will increase unprecedented. May be people should be encouraged to formally acknoledge their last will, concerning what will happen to their organs. Who know, we might need do draft legal documents for it.

The number of people who died last year in the UK and their organs were donated is 1,212 and those on the waiting list for transplant are 7,300. This means many people have no chance at all.

The Organ Donor Register has 19,5 million people but the organs of most of them will die in such a way which will make their organs unusable.

According to NHSBT the number of those waiting for transplantations will most probably increase for the future.

Singapore and Israel use a system after which registered organ donors are given priority on the waiting list. UK also considers such a strategy as a way to increase the number of organs being donated.

Last week Welsh voted a system after which deceased people will automatically donate their organs unless while alive they have chosen not to.

“When a family says no to donation it means someone’s hopes of a life-saving transplant are dashed,” said Dr Paul Murphy, from NHSBT. “They need to understand the consequences of refusal.”

In the view of Sally Johnson, also from NHSBT people did not have to burry their organs in case they could save somebody else’s life.



Feltham Young Offender Institution ‘unacceptably violent’

An inspector found high use of batons by staff in a young offender institution and due to this it was labeled “unacceptably violent”. May be many legal documents will be filled in to review the situation.

A report points out that at least two fights happen in Feltham Prison and Young Offender Institution, in west London every day. Some of them have serious consequences for the health of those involved.

Andrew Neilson, director of campaigns at the Howard League for Penal Reform, said the report was nothing special.

“If you want to see the effects of keeping hundreds of troubled boys cooped up in a prison, you need look no further than Feltham.”

Feltham consists of two parts. Feltham A deals with children and young people of about 16 years old, while Feltham B deals with those aged 18 to 21.

Nick Hardwick, chief inspector of prisons, shared his view that staff in Feltham did not know how to prevent the incidents happening there.

People working there faced many challenges so they often tempted to use either isolation or batons, which are both cruel and unacceptable methods when talking about children.

Mr Hardwick added that staff struggled hard to cope with these naughty young people.

Inspectors asked the young people there how did they feel and the response was that they were seriously frightened for their health.

Another thing mentioned in the report is the fact that emergency cell bells were not answered quickly in case of self-harming.

National Offender Management Service (Noms) chief Michael Spurr told the programme that its is pretty difficult to cope with such troubled and challenging people.

Former prisoner Aaron French told the BBC he had become a witness to violence there.

“Me and about six other guys, we spent our days going round prison cleaning up mess, cleaning up the blood spills, suicides, sex offenders being burnt with kettle water and sugar and things like that,” he said.


Royal Mail to be Floated on Stock Exchange

Royal Mail will be old on the London Stock Exchange. This is what Business Secretary Vince Cable has just confirmed.

In his words, the public will be given the chance to buy shares and employees would receive 10% of shares for free. Because of this sale, business is expected to be valued at £2bn-£3bn.

Members of the Communication Workers Union (CWU) threatened with strikes as they are strongly opposed to the privatisation.

“Now the time has come for government to step back from Royal Mail, allow its management to focus wholeheartedly on growing the business and planning for the future,” Mr Cable said in a statement to the House of Commons.

According to him, the aim of this step was to take care after the Royal Mail’s future. These changes would allow employees get free shares and take a steak in the business. By the way, do you need a shareholders agreement template?

Private operators such as TNT and DHL are pointed out as possible buyers.

Business Minister Michael Fallon said that through private capital Royal Mail will quickly grow.

Royal Mail is adopting its work so that it pays more attention on the delivery of parcels than of letters.

After many years of losses, last year Royal Mail doubled its profits exactly because of a boom in parcel delivery.

Mr. Fallon received a letter from the CWU threatening with strike action in case the government did not think again about the privatisation.

CWU general secretary, Billy Hayes, said: “Nobody outside of government and their potential investors wants their postal service sold. The public consistently oppose the sale and recently 96% of workers voted against.”

The current idea for changes was mooted under the last Labour government.

According to Chuka Umunna MP, Labour’s shadow business secretary said there were still many unresolved issues so the government needn’t hurry that much.


Killers’ life terms ‘breach their human rights’

The judges from the European Court of Human Rights ruled by 16 to 1 that the whole life sentences of murderer Jeremy Bamber and two other killers need to be reviewed but added that this could not be assumed as a sign of imminent release.

PM, on the other hand, declared he supported and preferred whole life tariffs.

After murdering five members of his family in Essex in 1985, Bamber now claims he had not committed a crime and brought the case to the court’s upper chamber. In his words his schizophrenic sister Sheila Caffell shot her family before turning the gun on herself.

The number of people in England and Wales who are serving whole life tariffs is 49. Justice secretary is the only one who has to right to release some of them on compassion grounds- in case they are terminally ill or seriously incapacitated.

The prisoners called their sentences “inhuman and degrading” and Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights protected them from inhuman or degrading treatment. By the way, don`t forget to check our HR document templates.

The only way for a life sentence to remain compatible with the European Convention on Human Rights is after a review of the release possibility.

The judges said national authorities had to decide when such a review should take place.

Former Labour home secretary David Blunkett said his government changed the law “so that life really meant life when sentencing those who had committed the most heinous crimes”.

Serial killer Peter Moore and double murderer Douglas Vinter are the other two guys who appeal their sentences together with Bamber. Moore killed four gay men in north Wales in 1995 and Vinter admitted killing his wife Anne White in 2008.

Lord Chief Justice said jail without the possibility of release should be “reserved for the few exceptionally serious offences”.


EU referendum: MPs call for public to have their say

Conservative MPs try to persuade the public that they need to give their votes in a referendum on whether Britain should remain in the European Union.

James Wharton proposed that such thing has to be voted by 2017 and the first time his proposal has been debated 304 MPs backed it.

Right after David Cameron found out the results of the vote he wrote on Twitter: “Referendum Bill passes first Commons stage, bringing us one step closer to giving the British people a say on Europe.”

Despite the results, which raised people’s hopes there are still many who will certainly oppose to the bill.

Ken Clarke, Sir Richard Shepherd, Jason McCartney, Sir Malcolm Rifkind and Gary Streeter were the only Conservative MPs who decided not to vote. Many companies might be affected by the result, as many corporate documents will be required if any changes occur.

When starting the debate Mr. Wharton said his bill would allow UK citizens decide the future of their country.  He mentioned that a good example of what he had said were the referendums held in Wales and Scotland.

“We have had so many referendums on so many things,” he said. “It would seem to be farcical to deny a say on such an important thing which matters to so many people.”

William Hague asked all the true democrats to support this bill as it would definitely lead to referendum.

However, Mr. Alexander called this referendum an obsession and stated it was unrealistic.

Because of the Lib Dem opposition, the promise of the prime minister of a referendum by the end of 2017, cannot be accomplished.

Bills proposed by private members have to be backed by the government, otherwise they cannot become laws.

According to UK Independence Party leader Nigel Farage if the campaign of the referendum is a good one many people would give their votes.


Housing Benefit Cuts Caused Debt Spiral

According to recent study, the housing benefit cut led to a debt spiral fro thousands of families in Merseyside.

The changes a.k.a the “bedroom tax” were announced in April and since then over 14 000 residents are now in rent arrears. The housing benefit cut aims at recipients, whose property has a bedroom, which is deemed to be surplus to requirements. May be at some point they will be forced to take loans and sign loan agreements in order to ensure they have somewhere to live.

By doing so, the government is trying to free up larger properties, so that families, who live in homes, too small for their needs could move into them.

It sounds good, however there is a lack of small properties, which can be hired by the “under occupiers”, which leads to additional expenditures for many peple, which puts them into a difficult financial situation.

The NHF (The National Housing Federation) collected information from 18 social  landlords in Merseyside and found out that almost 26,500 households were affected by the recent cuts, but there were only 155 smaller houses available for those people.

Chief executive of the National Housing Federation, David Orr, commented: “The fact is there aren’t enough smaller social homes in Merseyside for people to avoid the bedroom tax, even if they wanted to move.”

A Department of Work and Pensions spokesman, however, said: “We always monitor the impact of our policies carefully but there is no conclusive evidence that people affected by our housing benefit reforms are not getting the help they need.”


MoJ Announces Resettlement Jails to Release Prisoners Close to Home

Due to the new plans of the MoJ, while still serving their sentences, male prisoners would have the right to be moved close to the place where they live.

By the autumn of 2014 most male prisoners have to be moved into new “resettlement jails” created from old already existing prisons.

This change will be in force for those prisoners who are sentenced to 12 months less. Others with longer sentences will go to resettlement jails not earlier than three months before they are released.

Justice Secretary Chris Grayling announced that the aim of the proposed changes is to help prisoners in their rehabilitation process. After they are released, they might need to start their own business, which requires a wide variety of business document templates and of course if they are willing to employ people, many employment documents should take place.

“Rehabilitation in the community must begin behind the prison walls and follow offenders out through the gates if we are to stand a chance of freeing them from a life of crime,” he said.

MoJ stated that the number of prisons releasing adult male prisoners is currently 100 and the expected number for the future is 11.

According to Paul McDowell, the proposed changes were good but there were still many things, which had to be done.

In his opinion, jails were not the best option for people serving short sentences. He considers they might improve their behaviour being in the community.

“But putting communities at the heart of the criminal justice system through the development of resettlement prisons is a step in the right direction.”

Shadow justice secretary Sadiq Khan, on the other hand, expressed her doubts about the effectiveness of the plans. She mentioned nobody had said how will the reorganization of the prisons be funded.

Later this year will become clear if women’s prisons will be included into a similar scheme.